Opening hours

April - September
Every day, 9:00 - 18:00
 

October - March
Every day, 10:00 - 17:00

 

THE MUSEUM IS OPEN EVERY DAY THROUGHOUT THE YEAR!

PRICE LIST

TICKETS

6 € Adults
4 € Pensioner
4 € Students (University, Secondary levels)
2,5 € Schoolchildren
 

GUIDED TOURS IN THE MUSEUM
20 € per hour for groups smaller than 15 persons 

GUIDED TOURS OUTSIDE THE MUSEUM
25 € per hour per group


 

permanent

The Entrance Foyer symbolically introduces visitors to the theme of the permanent exhibition with maps which present Europe's World War I battlefields and the reestablished political borders at the end of the war, with flags, portraits of soldiers of many nationalities, and gravestones from the military cemeteries in the Upper Soča Region.

vhodna avlaVhodna - portreti

 

 

 

 

The Kobarid Rooms on the second floor of the Museum (rooms 1, 2, and 3) have a similar role and present a millennium of the turbulent history of Kobarid. Because of its location at the junction of the Soča and the Nadiža valleys that link Friuli and Carinthia, Kobarid was the scene of numerous invasions and wars. In the past century, the flag flown over Kobarid's main square changed some ten times. In these rooms, visitors find an abundance of information that is useful before exploring the Kobarid Historical Trail and the archeological site of the Late Roman settlement at Tonocov grad.

The collection, dedicated to the Isonzo Front, includes the Krn Room, the White Room, the Room of the Rear, the Black Room and a cave on the second floor.

THE KRN ROOM

The Krn Room displays the initial attacks along the Soča River after Italy entered the war on May 24, 1915. The Italian troops of alpini achieved the first major victory on the Isonzo Front with the conquest of Mount Krn, when they wrested this 2244 metres high mountain from the hands of its Hungarian defenders on June 16, 1915.

The central exhibit in this room is a 1:1000 scale relief model of Mount Krn, Mount Batognica and the neighbouring mountains. Many visitors study the model carefully before taking the tour of this highest part of the former battlefield or upon their return from this unforgettable outdoor museum.

Krn

 krnska

 

 

 

 

"There is no water. The terrain is very difficult, rocky..."
(Report of the Kratochwil unit, June 6, 1915)

July 26, 1915
"Around seven o'clock we set out on the march towards the rocky crest of Mount Krn, which is now ours and because it is so soaked with blood it is called Monte Rosso..."

(Virgilio Bonamore, 1915 diary)

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THE WHITE ROOM

The White Room tells of the suffering of the soldiers in the mountains during the twenty-nine months of fighting on the Isonzo Front. Before their arrival on this battlefield, no one could have imagined what awaited them. Prior to this, the Austro-Hungarian soldiers experienced ten months of fights on the plains of the Russian front and on the Balkan Peninsula, while the majority of the Italian soldiers had never been on a battlefield before. The harsh environment of the karst mountains was combined with all the difficulties and casulties claimed by winters with five, six, and more meters of snow, transport across the Julian Alps, ... The war certainly did not end before the first winter, as the politicians and generals had initially promised.

bela soba 2Bela soba 4

 

 

 

 

 
August 2, 1915
"Today I continue my diary. During the four days I spent on Mount Batognica I couldn't write. In these days I experienced the most sorrowful horrors of this terrible war... On the 29th I was in the trenches for twenty-four hours squatting among the bodies of our boys and the enemy. The stench was unbearable... There is little water, and it stinks. They bring it in water bags. For two days I didn't drink or eat..."

(Virgilio Bonamore, 1915 diary)

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THE ROOM OF THE REAR

The Room of the Rear illustrates how the area behind the lines of the Isonzo Front became a true swarming place of hundreds of thousands of soldiers and workers who were scattered from Mount Rombon to the shores of the Gulf of Trieste. Both armies required an ever greater number of fortified positions, roads, waterworks, cableways, hospitals, cemeteries, workshops, brothels,...

Zaledna soba 1Zaledna soba 2
 

 

 

 


"Behind the lines" -  magic words. Rest, sleep, water, food, the end of fear, recreation, ... until the next return to the trenches.

Before the war, all of us cultivated land and we were used to economizing and to any kind of shortage. It was here that we met for the first time many a new thing; smoking, coffee, cans and tobacco were the things which had not been part of our life before. They were met but rarely in the rural area since they had to be purchased, but money was not very often seen in these places.
(É stato un autunno freddo, Edizioni Saisera, 2009)

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THE BLACK ROOM

The story of the twenty-nine months of fighting for positions along the Soča ends in the Black Room, a room of warning. Portraits of soldiers at prayer before they were sent into battle, the gate of the Italian military prison, crucifixes and sculptures made by soldiers who mourned at the graves of their fallen comrades, a gun carriage amid the rubble of stone and twisted iron, and above them photographs of the horrors of war all tell of the senselessness that went on in the mountains around the captured Mount Krn for full twenty-eight months. All the subsequent assaults by Italian troops against the well-fortified Austro-Hungarian positions were unsuccessful. Their retreats to their starting position brought only reports of terrible losses on the battlefield. The building that today houses the Museum was occupied by Italian military court.

Črna sobaČrna soba - rov

 

 

 

 


August 14, 1915
"... Then suddenly an unbelievable tragedy happened. Two Austrian guns we never dreamed were there opened crossfire from the right and the left right
among the sharpshooters and mowed down everyone. The crossfire from machine-guns less than three hundred meters away killed dozens of men with every burst. We were somewhat higher and witnessed the terrible slaughter...

August 15, 1915
Only today could I grasp how immeasurable the disaster was. The 21st Battalion with the exception of fifty survivors is no more, the 7th and 9th divisions of the 36th Battalion have been halved, the 23rd Battalion has been decimated. A terrible debacle..."

(Virgilio Bonamore, 1915 diary)

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THE SECOND FLOOR

On the second floor, the final campaign of the Isonzo Front, that is the twelfth Isonzo Battle, the counter-offensive by the elite German and Austro-Hungarian troops called the Battle of Kobarid is presented. This attack surprised the Italian command in the mountainous Upper Soča Region on October 24, 1917. By means of new tactics of warfare the other side achieved a victory which in the final year of the war on the Isonzo Front pushed the Italian Army deep back into their territory. While preparing for the offensive, the attackers had to invest tremendous efforts, and in a little over a month, 2400 trainloads of the necessary supplies and men were shipped to the foot of the mountains and then transported across the mountains to the Soča Valley. The extent of this task is illustrated on a 27 m2 large relief model of the Upper Soča Region in the scale 1:5000 and on large maps showing the movements and distribution of military units.

2. nadstropjeRelief4
 

 

 

 

October 14
"After breakfast I inspected the 119th and 121st regiments: excellent condition. Wonderful human material."

September 26 (Mt. Kobilja glava, 1475 m)
"When we reached the peak... we could observe from the heights the mountains occupied by the enemy... It was necessary to explain to our generals the aims, goals, and details of our plan. Everything went on excellently for us, since the battlefield was spread below us like an enormous map."

(General Otto von Below, Commander, Austrian-German XIV Army, diary)

The preparations for the battle as well as its course are documented in numerous photographs taken mainly in the second half of October 1917 and during the first days of the fighting. They present most comprehensively the events in the Bovec basin, including the German attack with gas shells on the troops of the Friuli Brigade, the breakthrough of the 12th Silesian Division from Tolmin towards Kobarid, and the movement of  first lieutenant Erwin Rommel's troop across the slopes of the Kolovrat range to the peaks of Mount Matajur.

Soba preboja 1

 

 

 

 


"The entire horizon in the direction of Bovec was flashing, flooded with flares and flames of firing. Into this fiery cataclysm flew, like fiery meteors flew the shells of great cannons positioned in the village of Soča. Each was accompanied by a fearful din."
(Josef Vachál, Maliř na frontě, Paseka 1996)

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A detailed description of events is presented in a 20-minute documentary film, available in eleven languages. The same applies for the audio presentation of a soldier's letter to his father from the "Italian Bunker" dug somewhere into the slopes of Mount Krn. His narrative and the sound background created by the then popular Friulian song "Stellutis alpinis" move visitors and inspire deep reflection on human stress and suffering that the soldiers on both sides of the front must have experienced.

Kaverna 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
"Dear Father ... I am no longer on the Kras. As I have already written to Mother, I was at the rear of the front along the lower Soča. Only for a brief spell of ten days. Now I have been almost for a month in the Upper Soča Region on those familiar highlands that we captured during the last offensive. In the battles, our brigade acquitted itself well..."

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"The Kobarid Museum is not a museum about war but about man and his distress. It is not a museum about victory and glory, about conquered and trampled flags, about conquest and revenge, about revanchism and national pride. It is men that are at the forefront, the men who – aloud or silently to themselves, for themselves or for their fellow sufferers – in various languages of the world endlessly shouted: "Damn all war!" In short, this curse of theirs encapsulates the fundamental message of the Kobarid Museum, its success and justification and the necessity that it lives and develops."
(
Dr. Branko Marušič, Kobarid Museum - A Guide to the Museum)

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Kobariški muzej

Gregorčičeva ulica 10

5222 Kobarid

SLOVENIJA

tel: +386 (0)5 389 00 00

GSM: +386 (0)41 714 072

fax: +386 (0)5 389 00 02

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